In linguistics, umlaut, which is from the German “sound alteration”, is a sound change in which a vowel is pronounced more like a following vowel or semivowel. Umlaut is a form of assimilation, the process of one speech sound becoming more similar to a nearby sound. The diaeresis, also known as the trema, and the umlaut are two different diacritical marks that (in modern usage) look alike. They both consist of two dots ¨ placed over a letter, usually a vowel.
A way to indicate how one vowel could influence another when spoken aloud.
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