Super glue was invented in 1942 by Dr. Harry Coover. While working on wartime gun sights he discovered an extraordinarily sticky chemical compound but saw no value. It was well later that Coover realized the possibilities for this cyanoacrylate as a glue.
In 1958, Loctite started selling it commercially as an adhesive. Super Glue broke the Guinness World Record by lifting a truck (5 tons plus) with only 9 drops. It is fast bonding, literally seconds, 10 minutes for full bond. 24 hours for absolute full strength.
You can use an accelerator to speed up the bonding time of cyanoacrylate super glues, for initial joint strength in seconds. It can be used before gluing or after glue is applied. When used before gluing, allow to dry before applying super glue.
It is commonly used to bond stone, metal, wood, plastic, glass ceramic, paper and most other common substances. My favorite is the Bob Smith brand but there is not much difference in different companies. You can buy multi-packs of single use cyanoacrylate at the dollar store which are incredibly handy.