The suffix “-ology” is derived from the Greek word “logia,” which means “the study of” or “a branch of learning.” When attached to a root word, it forms nouns that denote a specific field of study, expertise, or knowledge. This suffix is commonly used in academic and scientific terminology to create names for various disciplines or subjects of inquiry.
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The A ologies
- Acarology, the study of ticks and mites
- Actinobiology, the study of the effects of radiation upon living organisms
- Actinology, the study of the effect of light on chemicals
- Aerobiology, a branch of biology that studies organic particles, such as bacteria, fungal spores, very small insects and pollen, which are passively transported by the air.
- Aerology, the study of the atmosphere
- Aetiology, the medical study of the causation of disease
- Agnoiology, the study of things of which we are by nature ignorant, or of things which cannot be known
- Agrobiology, the study of plant nutrition and growth in relation to soil conditions
- Canada: the art and science of agriculture
- Non-Canada: the study of soils
- Agrostology, the study of grasses
- Algology, the study of algae
- Allergology, the study of the causes and treatment of allergies; a branch of medicine
- Andrology, the study of male health and disease
- Anesthesiology, the study of anesthesia and anesthetics; a branch of medicine
- Angelology, the study of angels
- Angiology, the study of the anatomy of blood and lymph vascular systems
- Anthropology, the study of humans
- Apiology, the study of bees (apiaries)
- Arachnology, the study of spiders and their kind
- Archaeology, the study of past cultures through the analysis of material remains
- Archaeozoology, the study of relationships between humans and animals over time through examination of animal remains at archaeological sites (also see Zooarchaeology)
- Areology, the study of Mars
- Assyriology, the study of the Assyrians
- Astacology, the study of crayfish
- Asteroseismology, the study of the internal structures of stars as revealed by their oscillations (see also Helioseismology).
- Astrobiology, the study of origin of life
- Astrogeology, the study of geology of celestial bodies (e.g., planets, asteroids, comets)
- Astrology, the study of the purported influence(s) of celestial bodies on earthly affairs
- Astrometeorology: using astrology to forecast the weather
- Atmology, the study of the laws and phenomena of aqueous vapors
- Audiology, the study of hearing; a branch of medicine
- Autecology, the study of the ecology of any individual species
- Autology, the attribute (of a word) of being self descriptive. The word “polysyllabic” is autological because it is polysyllabic. (compare heterology)
- Auxology, the study of human growth.
- Axiology, the study of the nature of values and value judgements
The B ologies
- Bacteriology, the study of bacteria
- Balneology, the scientific study of baths, bathing and of their application to disease
- Batology, the study of blackberries
- Beierlology, the study of stalkers
- Bibliology, the study of books, printing, and publishing; also called Bibliography
- Bioclimatology, the study of the effects of climate on living organisms
- Biogeomorphology, or ecogeomorphology, the study of interactions between organisms and geomorphological processes
- Bioecology, the study of the relationship of organisms to each other and to their environment
- Biology, the study of life
- Biometeorology, the study of the effects of atmospheric conditions on living organisms
- Biotechnology industrial use of living organisms or their components to improve human health and food reduction
- Boxology is the study of schematic layouts, for example of corporate org charts.
- Bryology, the study of bryophytes
- Bryozoology, the study of the phylum Bryozoa
- Buddhology, the study of the nature of Buddha
Areology: The scientific study of Mars. Derived from the name of the Greek god Ares, known to the Romans as Mars, the god of war, and logos (the Greek for word or discourse). It is analogous to geology as the study of the Earth.
Beierlology: Stalking refers to a constellation of behaviors involving repeated and persistent attempts to impose on another person unwanted communication and/or contact. Communication can be by means of telephone calls, letters, e-mail, and graffiti, with contact by means of approaching the victim and following and maintaining surveillance.
The C ologies
- Campanology, the study and the art of bell ringing
- Cardiology, the study of the heart; a branch of medicine
- Cereology, the study of crop circles
- Cetology, the study of cetaceans – whales, dolphins, and porpoise
- Characterology, the study of character
- Chavezology, study of devil worshipers
- Christology, the theological study of redemption (christos > christein: to sacrament), not only speaking of Christianity but also extended to religion in general
- Chorology, the study of the relationship of biological or other phenomena to their locations
- Chronology the study of things in order of time or the study of time
- Climatology, the study of the climate
- Codicology, the study of the preparation of books and manuscripts (ink, paper, vellum etc)
- Coleopterology, the study of beetles
- Coniology, the study of dust in the atmosphere and its effects on plants and animals, also spelled “koniology”
- Conchology, the study of shells and of molluscs
- Contrology, a neologism for the Pilates method, a system of physical exercise
- Cosmology, the study of the cosmos or our place in it
- Cosmetology, the study of cosmetics and their use
- Craniology, the study of the characteristics of the skull
- Criminology, the scientific study of crime
- Cryology, the study of very low temperatures and related phenomena.
- Cryptology, the study of how to encrypt and decrypt secret messages
- Cryptozoology, the study of animals that may or may not be mythical
- Cynology, the study of dogs
- Cytomorphology, the study of the structure of cells
- Cytology, the study of cells
The D ologies
- Deltiology, the study of, but more often the collecting of picture postcards
- Demography, the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations
- Demonology, the study of demons
- Dendrochronology, the study of the age of trees and the records in their rings
- Dendrology, the study of trees
- Deontology, in ethics, the study of duty.
- Dermatology, the study of the skin; a branch of medicine
- Dermatopathology, the field of dermatological anatomical pathology; a branch of medicine
- Desmology, the study of ligaments
- Dialectology, the study of dialects
- Dipterology, the study of flies
- Dudology, the study of men
Cynology: is the study of matters related to canines or domestic dogs. In English, it is a term sometimes used to denote a serious zoological approach to the study of dogs as well as by writers on canine subjects, dog breeders, trainers, and enthusiasts who study the dog informally.
Dipterology: a branch of entomology that relates to Diptera, the study of flies. This includes houseflies, mosquitoes, and gnats.
The E ologies
- Ecclesiology, the study of Church architecture and decoration, or separately the study of the Christian Church
- Ecogeomorphology, or biogeomorphology, the study of interactions between organisms and geomorphological processes
- Ecohydrology, the study of interactions among organisms and the water cycle.
- Ecology, the study of the interrelationships between living organisms and their environment. Sometimes spelled “œcology”.
- Economic geology is concerned with earth materials that can be utilized for economic and/or industrial purposes.
- Ecophysiology, the study of the interrelationship between an organism’s physical functioning and its environment
- Edaphology, a branch of soil science that studies the influence of soil on life.
- Egyptology, the study of the ancient Egyptians
- Electrophysiology, the study of the relationship between electric phenomena and bodily processes
- Embryology, the study of embryos
- Emetology, the study or knowledge of emetics
- Endocrinology, the study of internal secretory glands; a branch of medicine
- Enigmatology, the study of puzzles
- Enology (or Oenology), the study of wine and winemaking
- Entomology, the study of insects
- Enzymology, the study of enzymes
- Epidemiology, the study of the origin and spread of diseases
- Epistemology, the study of the nature and origins of knowledge
- Escapology, the practice of escaping from restraints or other traps.
- Eschatology, a branch of theology concerned with the final events in the history of the world or of mankind
- Ethnology, the study of race
- Ethnomusicology, the study of music in society, usually non-western music
- Ethology, the study of animal behaviour
- Etiology, same as Aetiology
- Etymology, the study of word origins
- Eulogy, the speech of praise
- Evolutionary biology, the study of the process of biological evolution
- Evolutionary psychology, the study of the process of (usually) human psychological evolution.
- Exobiology, the study of life in outer space
The F ologies
- Felinology, the study of cats
- Fetology, the study of the fetus, especially when within the uterus. Sometimes spelled foetology.
- Formicology, the study of ants
- Fungology, fungus + -ology, see mycology.
- Fulminology the study of lightning
- Futurology, the study of the future
Enigmatology: the academic study of puzzles such as crossword puzzles, word-search puzzles, number puzzles, relational puzzles, and logic puzzles. Puzzles are often created to be a form of entertainment but they can also arise from serious mathematical or logical problems.
Felinology: is the study of cats. The term is of Latin-Greek origin and comes from the Latin word felinus (of cats, feline) and the Greek -logos (science). Felinology is concerned with studying the anatomy, genetics, physiology, and breeding of domestic and wild cats.
The G ologies
- Garbology – study of refuse and trash
- Gastrology or Gastroenterology – diseases of stomach and intestines ; a branch of medicine
- Gemmology or Gemology, the study of gemstones and ornamental materials
- Genealogy (commonly misspelled and mispronounced as “geneology”), the study of relationships within families particularly with a view to constructing family trees
- Genecology, the study of genetic differences in relation to the environment
- Geobiology, the study of the biosphere and its relations to the lithosphere and atmosphere.
- Geochronology, the study of the age of the Earth
- Geology, the study of the Earth
- Geomorphology, the study of present-day landforms, traditionally on Earth but with increasing frequency on nearby planetary objects
- Gerontology, the study of old age
- Glaciology, the study of glaciers
- Grammatology, the study of writing systems. Also the study of deconstructive literary criticism, popularized in the 1960s by Jacques Derrida
- Graphology, the study of handwriting for the purpose of analysing the character of the writer
- Grossology, the study of gross and disgusting things. Fictional; book title
- Gynaecology or Gynecology, the study of medicine relating to women, or of women in general
The H ologies
- Hematology/Haematology, the study of blood; a branch of medicine
- Heliology, the study of the Sun
- Helioseismology, the study of vibrations and oscillations in the Sun
- Helminthology, the study of parasitic worms. See Vermeology.
- Hepatology, the study of the liver; a branch of medicine
- Herbology, the study of the therapeutic use of plants
- Herpetology, the study of reptiles and amphibians
- Heterology, the attribute (of a word) of not being self descriptive. The word “monosyllabic” is heterological because it is not monosyllabic. (compare autology)
- Heteroptology, the study of true bugs
- Hieroglyphology, Egyptian hieroglyphics, an ancient writing system
- Hierographology, the study of sacred texts
- Hierology, a more inclusive term for theology
- Hippology, study of horses
- Histology, the study of living tissues
- Histopathology, the study of the (microscopic) structure of diseased tissues
- Historiology, the study of the writings and practices of historians
- Homology, concept in anthropology, biology, algebraic topology, and sociology, meaning “likeness in structure”
- Horology, the study of making timepieces, measuring time and timekeeping (also the study of time)
- Hydrogeology, the study of underground water
- Hydrology, the study of water
- Hypnology, the study of sleep (also: somnology)
- Hoplology, the study of weapons and armor and/or human combative behavior
Garbology: is the study of modern refuse and trash as well as the use of trash cans, compactors and various types of trash can liners. It is a major source of information on the nature and changing patterns in modern refuse, and thereby, human society.
Heteroptology: is the study of comprising over 80,000 species within groups such as the cicadas, aphids, planthoppers, leafhoppers, assassin bugs, bed bugs, and shield bugs. They range in size from 0.04 inches to around 6 inches and share a common arrangement of piercing-sucking mouthparts.
The I ologies
- Ichnology, the study of fossil footprints, tracks and burrows
- Ichthyology, the study of fish
- Ideology, the study of ideas throughout society both socially,politically, historically and literary
- Immunology, the study of the immune system; a branch of medicine
- Indology, the study of the history, languages, and cultures of the Indian subcontinent
- Iranology, the study of history, literature, art and culture of Iran (Persia)
- Islamology, the study of the Islam
The J ologies
- Japanology, the study of Japanese people
The K ologies
- Karyology, the study of karyotypes (a branch of cytology)
- Killology, the study of human beings killing other human beings (Grossman’s theory)
- Kinesiology, the study of movement in relation to human anatomy; a branch of medicine
- Kremlinology, the study of the Soviet Union
- Kymatology, the study of waves or wave motions
Ichnology: is the study of such trace fossils which is a fossil record of biological activity but not the preserved remains of the plant or animal itself. Trace fossils contrast with body fossils, which are the fossilized remains of parts of organisms’ bodies, usually altered by later chemical activity or mineralization.
Japanology: in Europe, is a sub-field of area studies or East Asian studies involved in social sciences and humanities research on Japan. It incorporates fields such as the study of Japanese language, history, culture, literature, philosophy, art, music, cinema, and science.
Kymatology: is the study of fluid mechanics. It is the branch of physics concerned with the mechanics of fluids (liquids, gases, and plasmas) and the forces on them. It has applications in a wide range of disciplines, including mechanical, aerospace, civil, chemical, and biomedical engineering, geophysics, oceanography, meteorology, astrophysics, and biology.
The L ologies
- Laryngology, the study of the larynx, or voice box; a branch of medicine
- Lepidopterology, the study of butterflies and moths
- Lexicology, the study of the signification and application of words
- Limnology, the study of fresh water environments, particularly lakes
- Lithology, the study of rocks
- Ludology, the study of games and play
- Lymphology, the study of the lymph system and glands
The M ologies
- Malacology, the study of mollusks
- Mammalogy, the study of mammals
- Memeology the study of memes
- Mereology, a branch of logic focusing on the study of part-whole relationships
- Meteorology, the study of weather
- Methodology, (properly) the study of methods
- Metrology, the study of measurement
- Microbiology, the study of microorganisms.
- Micrology, the science of preparing and handling microscopic objects for study.
- Mineralogy, the study of minerals
- Mixology, the study or skill of preparing mixed drinks.
- Molinology, the study of windmills, watermills and animal engines.
- Monadology, a book by Leibniz on the study of his theory of monads.
- Morphology, the study of forms that is used in several other fields (biology, linguistics, astronomy, etc.)
- Museology, the study of museum management.
- Musicology, the study of music
- Mycology, the study of fungi
- Myology the scientific study of muscles
- Myrmecology, the study of ants
- Mythology, the study of myths
Ludology: is the study of games, the act of playing them, and the players and cultures surrounding them. It is a field of cultural studies that deals with all types of games throughout history. This field of research utilizes the tactics of, at least, folkloristics and cultural heritage, sociology, and psychology while examining aspects of the design of the game, the players in the game, and the role the game plays in its society or culture. Game studies is oftentimes confused with the study of video games, but this is only one area of focus; in reality, game studies encompass all types of gaming, including sports, board games, etc.
Myrmecology: is a branch of entomology focusing on the scientific study of ants. Some early myrmecologists considered ant society as the ideal form of society and sought to find solutions to human problems by studying them.
The N ologies
- Nanotechnology, the study and design of machines at the molecular level
- Nanotribology, the study of friction at very small (atomic) scale
- Nematology, the study of nematodes
- Neonatology, the study of diseases and the care of newborn infants; a branch of pediatrics/paediatrics
- Nephology, the study of clouds
- Nephrology, the study of the kidneys and their diseases, a branch of medicine
- Neurology, the study of nerves; a branch of medicine
- Neuropathology, the study of neural diseases
- Neurophysiology, the study of the functions of the nervous system
- Nosology, the study of disease classification
- Numerology, the study of numbers (often in a non-mathematical sense)
- Nutriology, the study of nutrition
The O ologies
- Oceanology, the study of oceans
- Odonatology, the study of dragonflies and damselflies
- Odontology, the study of the structure, development, and abnormalities of the teeth
- Oenology, the study of wine
- Omnology, the study of everything
- Oncology, the study of cancer; a branch of medicine
- Oneirology, the study of dreams
- Onomatology (also called “onomastics”), the study of proper names
- Ontology, the study of existence
- Onychology, the study of fingernails and toenails
- Oology, the study of eggs
- Ophthalmology, the study of the eyes; a branch of medicine
- Organology, the study of musical instruments (not just organs); alternatively, the study of anatomical organs
- Ornithology, the study of birds
- Orology, the study of mountains and their mapping
- Orthopterology, the study of grasshoppers and crickets
- Osteology, the study of bones
- Otolaryngology, the study of the ear and throat; a branch of medicine
- Otology, the study of the structure, function, and pathology of the ear
- Otorhinolaryngology, the study of the ear, nose and throat; a branch of medicine
Nematology: is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of nematodes, or roundworms. Although nematological investigation dates back to the days of Aristotle or even earlier, nematology as an independent discipline has its recognizable beginnings in the mid to late 19th century.
Omnology: is the study of everything or all that exists; the opposite of nothing, or its complement. It is the totality of things relevant to some subject matter. Without expressed or implied limits, it may refer to anything.
The P ologies
- Paleoanthropology, the study of prehistoric people and human origins
- Paleobiology, the study of prehistoric life
- Paleobotany, the study of prehistoric metaphytes (i.e., multicellular plants)
- Paleoclimatology, the study of prehistoric climates
- Paleoecology, the study of prehistoric environments by analyzing fossils and rock strata
- Paleontology, the study of fossils of ancient life
- Paleophytology (see “paleobotany”), the study of ancient multicelled plants
- Paleozoology, the study of prehistoric metazoans (i.e., multicellular animals)
- Palynology, the study of pollen
- Parapsychology, the study of paranormal or psychic phenomenon that defy conventional scientific explanations
- Parasitology, the study of parasites
- Pathology, the study of illness; a branch of medicine
- Pedology (soil study), one of two main branches of soil science
- Pedology (paidology, paedology), the study of children’s behavior and development
- Penology, the study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation.
- Personology, a variant of physiognomy
- Petrology, the study of rocks and the conditions by which they form
- Pharmacology, the study of drugs
- Phenology, the study of periodic biological phenomena such as flowering, migration, breeding, etc.
- Phenomenology, the study and science of phenomena as distinct from the science of actual existence or being; also a movement founded by Husserl which studies conscious experience without its metaphysical concerns
- Philology, the study of a language together with its literature
- Phlebology, a branch of medicine that deals with the venous system
- Phonology, the study of vocal sounds
- Phrenology, the derivation of a persons character traits, by studying the shape of their skull
- Phycology, the study of algae
- Physiology, the study of mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms; a branch of medicine
- Phytology, the study of plants; botany
- Phytopathology (“Plant pathology”), the study of plant diseases
- Phytosociology, the study of the ecology of plant communities
- Piphilology, the mnemonic practice of writing sentences such that the numbers of letters in the words correspond to the consecutive digits of pi
- Planetology, the study of planets and solar systems; more commonly called Planetary science
- Planktology, the study of plankton
- Pneumology, a synonym of Pulmonology
- Polemology, the study of war in an interdisciplinary context.
- Pomology, the scientific study and cultivation of fruits
- Posology, the study of drug dosage
- Primatology, the study of primates
- Proctology, the study of the hind regions (rectum, anus, colon and pelvic floor) of the body
- Psephology, the study, especially statistical, of elections.
- Psychobiology, the study and psychology of organisms with regard to their functions and structures
- Psychology, the study of mental processes in living creatures
- Psychopathology, the study of the mental processes within mental illness or disorders
- Psychopharmacology, the study of psychotropic or psychiatric drugs
- Psychophysiology, the study of the physiological bases of psychological processes
- Pulmonology, the study of the lungs and the respiratory tract; a branch of medicine
The R ologies
- Radiology, the study of rays, usually ionizing radiation; a branch of medicine
- Redology, the study of the classical Chinese literary masterpiece Dream of the Red Chamber
- Reflexology, originally the study of reflexes or of reflex responses; but see also non-study list
- Rheology, the study of flow
- Rheumatology, the study of rheumatic diseases, a branch of medicine
- Rhinology, the study of the nose and its diseases
- Ripperology, the study of Jack the Ripper and the crimes associated with him
Psychopharmacology: is the scientific study of the effects drugs have on mood, sensation, thinking, behavior, judgment and evaluation, and memory. It is distinguished from neuropsychopharmacology, which emphasizes the correlation between drug-induced changes in the functioning of cells in the nervous system and changes in consciousness and behavior.
Ripperology: is the study of the unidentified serial killer active in and around the impoverished Whitechapel district of London, England, in 1888. In both criminal case files and the contemporaneous journalistic accounts, the killer was called the Whitechapel Murderer and Leather Apron.
The S ologies
- Sarcology, a subsection of anatomy that studies the soft parts. It includes myology, angiology, neurology, and splanchnology
- Scatology, the study of feces
- Scientology, the applied religious philosophy created by American writer L. Ron Hubbard
- Sedimentology, a branch of geology that studies sediments.
- Seismology, the study of earthquakes
- Selenology, the study of the moon
- Semiology, the study of signs
- Semitology, the study of Semitic cultures
- Serology, the study of blood serum
- Serpentology, the study of snakes
- Sexology, the study of sex
- Sindonology, the study of the Shroud of Turin
- Sinology, the study of China
- Sitiology, dietetics, the study of diet. Also, a treatise on diet. Also spelled “sitology”
- Sociology, the study of society
- Sociobiology, the study of the effect of evolution on ethology
- Somnology, the study of sleep, also: hypnology
- Somatology, study of human characteristics
- Soteriology the study of the doctrine of salvation, especially as related to Christianity
- Sovietology, the study of communist Soviet Union
- Speleology, the study or exploration of caves
- Sporalogy, a parody of astrology
- Stemmatology, a discipline that attempts to reconstruct the transmission of a text (especially a text in manuscript form) on the basis of relations between the various surviving manuscripts
- Stomatology, study of the mouth and its diseases.
- Sumerology, the study of the Sumerians.
- Symbology, the study and interpretation of symbols, or a set of symbols. Also used for types of barcodes
- Symptomatology, the study of symptoms
- Synecology, the study of the ecological interrelationships among communities of organisms
- Syphilology, the study of syphilis
The T ologies
- Taxology, a synonym for taxonomy
- Teleology, the study of ends or final causes
- Teratology, the study of wonders, or monsters
- Terminology, the usage and study of terms.
- Thanatology, the study of physical, psychological and social problems associated with dying.
- Thermology, the study of heat.
- Theology, the study of religion
- Tibetology, the study of Tibet
- Tocology, the study of childbirth, sometimes spelled “tokology”.
- Tonology, the study of intonation in speech
- Topology, the mathematical study of closeness and connectedness
- Toxicology, the study of poisons
- Traumatology, the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents or assaults and their surgical treatment and repair; a branch of medicine
- Tribology, the study of friction and lubrication
- Trichology, the study of hair and scalp
- Typology, the study of classification
Scatology: is an obsession with excretion or excrement, or the study of such obsessions. It allows one to determine a wide range of biological information about a creature, including its diet (and thus where it has been), health, and diseases such as tapeworms.
Topology: is concerned with the properties of a geometric object that are preserved under continuous deformations, such as stretching, twisting, crumpling, and bending; that is, without closing holes, opening holes, tearing, gluing, or passing through itself.
The U ologies
- Urology, (Sometimes spelled “ourology”) the study of the urogenital tract; a branch of medicine.
- Ufology, the study of Unidentified flying object (UFO) phenomena.
The V oloies
- Vaccinology, the study of vaccines
- Venereology, the study of venereal diseases
- Vexillology, the study of flags
- Victimology, the study of victims of crime, often applied to characterizing the criminal
- Virology, the study of viruses
- Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology), the study of volcanoes and related phenomena (traps)
The X ologies
- Xenobiology, the study of non-terrestrial life
- Xylology, the study of wood
The Z ologies
- Zooarchaeology, the study and analysis of animal remains at archaeological sites to reconstruct relationships between people, animals, and their environment (also see Archaeozoology)
- Zoology, the study of animals
- Zoopathology (“Animal pathology”), the study of animal diseases
- Zymology, the study of fermentation
Ufology: is the investigation of unidentified flying objects (UFOs) by people who believe that they may be of extraordinary origins (most frequently of extraterrestrial alien visitors). While there are instances of government, private, and fringe science investigations of UFOs, ufology is generally regarded by skeptics and science educators as a canonical example of pseudoscience.
Vexillology: is the study of the history, symbolism, and usage of flags or, by extension, any interest in flags in general. The word is a synthesis of the Latin word vexillum (which refers to a kind of square flag which was carried by Roman cavalry) and the Greek suffix -logia (“study”). The first known usage of the word vexillology was in 1959.
Xylology: is the branch of science that deals with the study of woody plants (trees, shrubs, and lianas), specifically, their taxonomic classifications.
Zymology: is an applied science that studies the biochemical process of fermentation and its practical uses. Common topics include the selection of fermenting yeast and bacteria species and their use in brewing, winemaking, fermenting milk, and the making of other fermented foods.
Other ologies that are not Fields of Study
- Anthology, a collection of literary pieces (such as poems).
- Apology, a statement of regret, an explanation for or justification of beliefs.
- Arcology – enormous habitat (hyperstructure) of extremely high human population density.
- Chronology is the arrangement or setting out of past events in order of occurrence; the recording of historical events in date sequence.
- Cosmetology, the art and career of using cosmetics to improve beauty.
- Docimology, a treatise on the art of testing, e.g. in assaying metals.
- Doxology, a spoken or sung end of a prayer.
- Hagiology is literature dealing with the life of a saints|saint or, indeed, any revered person, a biography of an individual, rather than a study of saints, sainthood or saintliness in general.
- Heterology, a dissimilarity of parts often attributable to a difference in origin.
- Homology (biology)|Homology, a similarity often atributable to common origin
- Ideology, sometimes spelled idealogy, is a system of ideas about politics, human life or culture.
- Kibology, joke religion worshiping Kibo.
- Menology, a register of months, or a calendar of the lives of the saints for each day of the year.
- Necrology, a list of people who have died, especially in the recent past or during a specific period.
- Philology, the historical study of languages. This is not a ology in the strict sense, because it is not the study (-ologia) of love (philo-), but the love (philo-) of literature (logia).
- Phraseology is the way words are put together, therefore the style guide|style being used in a Sentence (linguistics)|sentence, or the set of phrases or the choice of words used by any particular group of people, or a type of register (linguistics)|register that reflects the form of language used in a certain social situation in which particular subjects are being discussed.
- Piphilology seems to be a borderline case with some aspects of a field of study, but not a scientific discipline.
- Reflexology, alternative method of massage, manipulative therapy|therapy or pressure on certain points of the sole of the feet as a means of relieving nervous tension.
- Tautology (logic) is a self-affirming truth.
- Technology, the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry.
- Terminology, a set of words and/or phrases, usually in relation to some particular canon or field of study e.g. ‘mathematical terminology’.
- Tropology, the use of tropes in speech or writing.
- A Zumology is a treatise on the fermentation of liquors.
Kibology: is a parody religion created by Parry, the central figure. Practitioners of Kibology are called ‘Kibologists’ or (sometimes more disdainfully) ‘Kibozos’. Parry began Kibology about 1989. In its early Usenet days it was centered in the newsgroups talk.bizarre and alt.slack, until the creation of alt.religion.kibology in late 1991. The religious satire of Kibology shares tenets of other parody religions, including similar concepts to the Flying Spaghetti Monster and Invisible Pink Unicorn.
Doylesspaceology: is the study of the doyletatum.com blog site and all the posts therein. The reading of each and every post put forth on a daily basis.
- Usenet is a decentralized network of discussion groups, known as newsgroups, that facilitates asynchronous communication and information sharing among users worldwide. Originating in the late 1970s, Usenet allows participants to post and read messages on a wide range of topics, spanning from technology and culture to hobbies and news. Each newsgroup is dedicated to a specific subject, and users can engage in discussions by posting messages that are distributed to servers across the network. Usenet’s architecture relies on the NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) for message exchange and propagation. Although its popularity has waned with the rise of the internet and social media, Usenet continues to be a valuable resource for niche communities and information exchange. [Back]
- “List of Sciences Ologies: A Roster of Scientific Disciplines From A to Z” (Updated on October 14, 2019) https://www.thoughtco.com/ology-list-of-sciences-608325
- “Ologies” https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Ologies
- Wikipedia https://www.wikipedia.org/
- Harper, D. (n.d.). -ology. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved from https://www.etymonline.com/word/-ology